Thousands of our people died and were injured in the earthquakes in Kahramanmaras. Many buildings were destroyed and badly damaged. In the earthquake zones, which turned almost into a debris field, various wastes appeared, as well as huge piles of rubble and debris. After 12 days of the earthquake, search and rescue operations were largely halted and debris removal operations began. However, there is news that some practices have been signed in the area of ​​the earthquake, which is causing a public reaction. Particularly the reaction was caused by the news that rubble and heaps of garbage in the Samandag district of the city of Hatay were dumped into the Milleikha bird sanctuary, which is under the protection of the General Directorate for Nature Protection and National Parks. Well, where are the rubble and heaps of garbage in the framework of garbage removal, which authorized bodies, what points to take into account? Let’s look at the details together.

On the 12th day of the earthquake in Kahramanmarash, search and rescue operations were largely completed, and work began to remove debris.

Some regions have become unrecognizable due to the destruction and damage of thousands of buildings in 10 provinces. Recently, the streets and lanes with buildings, shops and many buildings are littered with rubble, garbage and various heaps of garbage.

For this reason, garbage removal work is also very difficult. It is stated that the dumps formed after the earthquake pose a serious threat to the health of the population, wildlife and nature. For this reason, the question of how to remove piles and where to dump them is of great importance.

Earlier in the week, news that piles of rubble and debris in the Samandag district of Hatay city had been dumped into the Milleikha bird sanctuary in the area sparked a backlash.


It is claimed that 302 registered species of birds live in the area administered by the General Directorate of Conservation and National Parks. The burial of rubble and rubble piles in the Milleiha bird sanctuary, one of the region’s most important natural habitats, has sparked many reactions.

Mehmet Emin Birpinar, Deputy Minister of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change, announced that the crushed stone casting work at the Milleiha Bird Sanctuary had been halted.


Birpinar made a statement on his social media account about the garbage dump activity, to which many people reacted. “We have started cleaning up the waste spilled in the Hatay Milleiha wetlands and the municipalities that have been dumping waste in the region have been alerted. It ends in the evening. There will be no waste dumping in this area.he made a statement.

However, Birpınar stated that no rubble would be scattered in places such as wetlands and national parks throughout Hatay.We identify casting areas throughout Hatay. Protected areas, national park, wetlands, etc. We will select from the remaining fields. We definitely plan to protect surface and ground waters. Asbestos and hazardous waste will be sorted. Thanks for the warning.” He said.

Experts warn that garbage in the region should not be dumped into natural habitats.

Lecturer at the University of Mugla Sitki Kochman, d. Yasin Ilemin.In the debris scattered from buildings destroyed by the earthquake, there are a lot of substances harmful to human health and the ecosystem. Chemicals in insulation materials, harmful plastic derivatives and asbestos are leading.He draws attention to the dangers that debris can pose.

Garbage piles in an earthquake area could pose an asbestos hazard

The Chamber of Geological Engineers (JMO) is issuing important warnings that rubbish piles in Kahramanmaras could pose an asbestos hazard. House President HusseinWe have seen that garbage disposal processes are not properly managed. We wanted it to be reorganized when it was in its infancy. Otherwise, society may face asbestos-related health problems in the near future.” In his words, he draws attention to the danger of asbestos.

Piles of rubble should be dumped onto sealed floors.

Immin’s thoughts on this.”It is necessary to choose impervious floors and avoid contact with ground and surface water. Casting sites must be located away from protected areas, wetlands and wilderness areas, and these points should be taken into account when choosing a site. expresses it in his own words. Ilemin says that for now, municipalities, the Ministry of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, scientists, experts and nature lovers must work together.

Territories in which construction and demolition waste can be placed are regulated by the “Regulation on the control of excavated soil, construction and demolition waste”.


Where rubble and rubble can be dumped, how they can be recycled, and which agencies are responsible for them, are governed by a regulation called the Demolition Excavation and Waste Control Ordinance.

According to a regulation issued in 2004, construction and demolition waste cannot be dumped anywhere except in municipalities or recycling and storage facilities designated by the highest civil authority in the region. On the other hand, before the casting process, this waste must be minimized, the harmful substances contained in it must be separated and recycled, and then drained to authorized places.

Which institutions have the authority and responsibility for waste collection?


Deputy Minister Mehmet Emin Birpinar says a structure called the Disaster Debris Disposal Task Force is responsible for the debris. This structure is approved in accordance with the “Turkish Disaster Response Plan” published by AFAD. The building’s duties and responsibilities include “identifying garbage dump sites, ensuring that debris is removed from the building, facilities, and surrounding area after search and rescue operations are completed, and “demolition, demolition, and removal of debris from the site.” damaged buildings that need to be demolished. The work is carried out under the responsibility of the most authorized civil authority in the region.

How do you decide where to dump your trash?


Birpınar also states that it is clear in which regions and under what conditions the dumps will be dumped. “When determining these areas, the relief and geology of the deposit are taken into account, and they also make sure that they are not located on lands used for agricultural purposes, in reservoirs of drinking, irrigation and household water, in places where there is a risk of flooding. high, in valleys or stream beds that prevent rainwater runoff, in areas of landslides, avalanches and erosion.” uses expressions.

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