After each earthquake in our country, again and again, zonal amnesty or zonal peace comes to the fore. After the devastating earthquakes in Kahramanmaras, this issue is back on the agenda. In this regard, many of our citizens began to conduct research on the zoning of the amnesty. We told you what a zonal amnesty is, when it was for the first and last time, what it applies to and who cannot use it. Let’s start by answering the question of what a zonal amnesty is.
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What is a district amnesty?
A land amnesty, or zonal peace, is an official permit issued to buildings that do not comply with current legislation, providing for the legalization of real estate. In other words, it is the law that governs issues such as illegal buildings, illegal buildings, and slums. Now that we have learned what a zonal amnesty is, let’s move on to other issues.
When was the land amnesty first announced?
The land amnesty, shown as the biggest cause of unplanned urbanization, took place for the first time in the history of the republic in 1949. Section 1 of Law No. 5431 on the Demolition of Unauthorized Structures and amendments to Section 13 of Law No. 2290 on Municipal Buildings and Roads allow unauthorized structures not to be demolished if they comply with the zoning plan. This law set a precedent for practice in the coming years.
When was the last time a zonal amnesty was announced?
The zoning amnesty was last issued on June 8, 2018 for zoning and settlements made before December 31, 2017 with or without a license. Environment and Urbanization Minister Murat Kurum announced that about 7.4 million citizens benefited from the zonal amnesty in 2018.
What does the zonal amnesty cover?
The land amnesty applies to many buildings that are not made in accordance with applicable law.
- Buildings that do not have a settlement passport,
- Places that have a share or ownership of the land, but are residential, although they do not have a residence permit,
- areas with floors exceeding the established maximum height,
- Buildings that do not have a condominium title deed but have a floor title deed,
- Places considered residential but used as workplaces or offices and more can benefit from peaceful zoning.
Who cannot benefit from the zonal amnesty?
Only buildings located on lands designated for social purposes owned by the Treasury, buildings located in the exclusive areas specified in Interim Section 16 of Zoning Law No. 3194, buildings located in privately owned immovable property owned by third parties can benefit from the zoning world.
- Structures used for storage
- military structures
- agricultural grounds
- tourist areas
- Buildings on the Bosphorus
- industrial zones
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