We often come across the word coalition when we watch the news or surf the Internet. This word is used very often, especially in politics and economics. Thus, everyone is very curious about the meaning of the word coalition. For this reason, we have told you what is a coalition, what is a coalition government and which coalition governments are being formed in Turkey. If you’re ready, let’s start by answering the question, what is a coalition?
You can also check out this content: “Good or bad coalitions with 5 ballot facts?”
What is a coalition?
A coalition is a temporary association of two or more individuals, states, factions, armies, political parties or companies to achieve a common goal. In other words, the word “coalition” means uniting and working together to achieve a goal. In a parliamentary system, this is also referred to as co-governing a country by an alliance formed by more than one party allied together.
Now that we have learned what a coalition is, let’s answer other questions on this topic.
What is a coalition government?
A mixed government model consisting of members affiliated with more than one party or group is called a coalition government. If no party wins a majority in the legislature, by rule the chairman of the party with the most seats is charged with forming the cabinet. Coalition governments are often found in countries that have adopted proportional representation in elections.
The coalition-building process has been criticized because politicians compete for power too much. However, it is argued that coalitions provide consensus among different political views, that instability should not be perceived as political chaos, that their will is reflected through centrist politics, and that continuity in the state is ensured. In cases like the French Fourth Republic, many coalitions are seen to create a chaotic environment in politics. However, in the case of Sweden, the Netherlands and Switzerland, coalition governments lasted longer and achieved stability.
Turkey forms coalition governments
The first coalition government in the history of the republic was formed in 1961 between the CHP and the Justice Party, chaired by Ismet İnönü. Of course, although it was the first coalition government, it was not the last. Here are the coalition governments formed in Turkey.
- Coalition of the Republican People’s Party and the Justice Party in 1961-1962.
- Between 1962 and 1963 Republican People’s Party – New Turkey Party – Peasant Nations Republican Party and Coalition of Independents
- 1963-1965 Republican People’s Party – Coalition of Independents
- January 26, 1974 – November 17, 1974 Republican People’s Party – Coalition of the National Salvation Party
- March 31, 1975 – June 21, 1977 Justice Party – National Salvation Party – Nationalist Movement Party – Republican Trust Party Coalition
- July 21, 1977 – January 5, 1978 Justice Party – National Salvation Party – Nationalist Movement Party
- November 20, 1991 – May 16, 1993 Right Path Party – Coalition of the Social Democratic Populist Party.
- June 25, 1993 – October 5, 1995 Right Path Party – Coalition of the Social Democratic Populist Party.
- October 30, 1995 – March 6, 1996 True Way Party – Coalition of the Republican People’s Party
- March 6, 1996 – June 28, 1996 Motherland Party – Coalition of the Right Way Party.
- June 28, 1996 – June 30, 1997 Welfare Party – Right Way Party Coalition
- June 30, 1997 – January 11, 1999 Rodina Party – Democratic Left Party – Democratic Turkey Party Coalition
- May 28, 1999 – November 18, 2002 Democratic Left Party – Nationalist Movement Party – Rodina Party Coalition
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