The totality of legal, scientific, political, philosophical, virtuous, aesthetic and religious thoughts that shape the behavior of a political party, government, social class, creating a social or political doctrine is called thought or ideology. There are many political ideologies and they are practiced by different countries today. We have told you what political ideologies are. Here are the most popular political ideologies.

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1. Anarchism

Anarchism is a social term describing social movements and various political philosophies advocating the elimination of all forms of domination, social authority, power, and hierarchy. This ideology rejects authority under any conditions. Anarchist movements often advocate voluntary interaction and self-government over economic institutions, private ownership of the means of production, and centralized political structures. However, he desires a society that combines freedom and autonomy.

2. Authoritarianism

political ideologies

Among the most popular political ideologies, authoritarianism is an autocratic stance in politics. This is a form of social organization characterized by power and submission to the form of government of this power. This ideology is completely opposed to individual freedom and is based on absolute submission.

3. Communism


Communism is a moneyless and classless social order based on the common ownership of the means of production, political, economic and social movement and ideology aimed at establishing this order.

4. Conservatism

Conservatism, also known as conservatism, is a social and political philosophy that promotes the preservation of traditional social factors. This is a political point of view that does not want the dynamics of its own dynamics to change, without ignoring the requirements of the era in which society lives, without losing its cultural, civilizational and historical accumulations from the past to the present, and which resists and preserves cultural and social values.

5. Socialism

political ideologies

Socialism, which is one of the most popular political ideologies, advocates that public welfare in economic and social terms come with participatory democracy and that control of the means of production belongs to society, supports social production instead of private production, allows predominantly workers to participate in management and uses propaganda and indoctrination through agricultural and tax reforms. It is a political and economic ideology focused on education and education.

6. Fascism


Fascism, pioneered by Benito Mussolini, is an ultra-nationalist political ideology based on an authoritarian state. The first fascist movements were inspired by nationalist labor movements. Fascism combined left-wing ideas with nationalist and right-wing elements in Italy during World War I; It emerged as an opposition to Marxist socialism, communism, liberalism, right-wing conservatism and democracy.

7. Liberalism

political ideologies

Liberalism, which is one of the most popular political ideologies, is a worldview and political philosophy that advocates individual freedom. While classical liberalism emphasizes the role of individual freedoms, social liberalism emphasizes freedom and stresses the importance of the principle of human equality. However, he strives to find a balance between equality and freedom.

8. Nationalism

political ideologies

Nationalism is an ideology aimed at achieving and maintaining the interests, self-government and sovereignty of the nation forever. Nationalism maintains that each country must govern itself independently of outside interference, and that the nation is the ideal and natural basis for government and the only source of justified political power.

9. Populism


Populism, also known as popular interest, is a political philosophy that assumes that an elite group in society obstructs and suppresses the interests of the people, and argues that state organs should be removed from the influence of this elite and used for the development of society and for the good of the people. Populist discourse aims to achieve success by emphasizing the social and economic interests of citizens and exploiting their emotional gaps and prejudices.

10. Fundamentalism

political ideologies

Fundamentalism is a religious movement or point of view that adheres strictly to basic religious principles, does not tolerate other views, and is completely opposed to secularism. Fundamentalism means a faith that is radically linked to the inherent rules of religion and is a reaction to the agreed principles of political, social and modern life.

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