When you look at the sky, it is not difficult to understand that we are in an infinite universe full of stars. There are billions of galaxies and billions of stars in this universe. So, if you could go to one of these celestial bodies and land on another planet, how long could you live there? This exciting question fuels our curiosity about human discoveries and our place in the universe. How can the atmospheres of different planets, surface conditions, and many other factors affect our lifespan? Let’s look at the details together👇
If you manage to one day get to Mercury, the closeness of the planet to the Sun may surprise you. This is because Mercury, in addition to being the smallest planet in the solar system, is also closest to a large fireball. In that case, you would expect Mercury to be the hottest planet in our system, right? No! Interestingly, Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system. The Earth revolves around the Sun in 365 days, and Mercury in 88 days.
On some days the temperature can rise above 425°C. At night, this temperature drops to -180 °C. Mercury’s atmosphere is like a desert, so it can’t hold heat. You can survive if you manage to travel from one end of the planet to the other and constantly be between scorching heat and freezing cold. But Mercury has no oxygen. So, you live on this planet as long as you can hold your breath. Unless, of course, you run into solar winds creating plasma hurricanes…
Surviving on Venus may be harder than on Mercury. Because Venus can heat up to almost 1000 degrees. But gravity is very similar to Earth’s. Therefore, it is possible to walk comfortably in protective clothing. But as soon as you take off your clothes, the heat will melt you. You can also only last a few seconds on Venus, as the planet’s extreme pressure will crush you like a tin can.
Despite the fact that Mars is called the Red Planet, it is actually very cold. It takes 687 days to complete one revolution around the Sun. There are 24.6 hours in a day. Although the atmosphere of Mars is very thin, it cannot be breathed. Continuous dust storms also make life on the planet very difficult. As long as you can hold your breath, you’ll survive on Mars, but you’re unlikely to enjoy it.
The largest planet in the solar system is Jupiter. Let’s make a comparison so you remember. If Jupiter were the size of a basketball, Earth would be a relatively small grape. Jupiter takes 10 hours to rotate on its axis. An area on the planet called the Great Red Spot is one of Jupiter’s brightest spots.
The Great Red Spot is actually a hurricane that has been going on for over 300 years. The largest planet in our system takes about 12 Earth years, or 4,307 days, to complete one revolution around the Sun. But Jupiter’s gravity is much stronger than Earth’s. You are likely to be crushed by the enormous pressure the moment you set foot on the planet. So you can only live on Jupiter for a few seconds at most.
Pluto is the most distant dwarf planet from the Sun. Because it is so far away, its temperature can drop to -200°C. The mountains, stretching to a height of up to 3048 meters, are covered with methane ice. Pluto takes 248 Earth years to orbit the Sun. The planet has not completed this cycle since it was first discovered. However, one day on Pluto is equal to 6 days on Earth. The air of this planet is also unbreathable. Because nitrogen, like methane gas, is quite a lot. Gravity is weak, so you’ll have to hold your breath before it freezes like an ice cube. If you combine all these reasons, then we can say that you can live on Pluto for a maximum of a few seconds.
Neptune is the windiest planet in the solar system. It has exactly 14 satellites, and there are 17 hours in a day. Like Pluto, it takes over 150 years to orbit the Sun. Neptune is also known as the Blue Planet due to the absorption of red light by methane in its hydrogen-helium atmosphere. You can only last a few seconds on Neptune, as you won’t be able to breathe and the pressure will crush you.
The second largest planet in the solar system is Saturn. From afar, it looks like a large chunk of rock with rings spinning around it, but it’s actually made up of many large and small ice particles and layers of rock. The rings appear this way because of the gravity around Saturn. A day on the planet lasts only 11 hours and has many moons like Jupiter. And again, as with Jupiter, the moment you set foot on the planet, you will be crushed under extreme pressure. That’s why you can’t last more than a few seconds on Saturn either.
Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the second largest moon in the solar system. It has the most terrestrial conditions of any existing planet or moon. Titan is the only place in the solar system with liquid rivers, oceans, and lakes. All of them are covered with methane and ethane. Its atmosphere is very similar to Earth’s. At certain times it even rains on the planet. However, this does not mean that living there will be easy. The air is freezing cold. Therefore, you will most likely die of hypothermia in a short time.
The moon is also not a very favorable place to live. You can still hold your breath for as long as you can. While the Sun’s cosmic rays might impress you, you’re sure to have a lot of fun jumping over lunar craters!
As you understand, as soon as you go to the Sun, you evaporate. Temperatures can reach around 5500 °C at the surface and 15 million degrees at the core. Not to mention the core, even the outer layers can split you into atoms in seconds, or even split you.
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