After the earthquakes in Kahramanmarash, the tectonic structure of the region came to the fore. Given the magnitude and area of ​​impact of earthquakes, the movements of volcanoes began to be closely monitored. Thus, citizens began to wonder if there is a volcano in Turkey. We have answered many questions for you, such as is there a volcano in Turkey, which provinces have volcanoes in Turkey, are volcanoes active in Turkey and does a volcano cause an earthquake.

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Are there volcanoes in Turkey?

Formation of volcanic fields in Turkey, III. It started in the Tertiary, which is geologic time. That is 20 million years ago. The lava that came out of the faults in the earth’s crust in the Tertiary period caused the formation of various landforms in Anatolia. As a result of volcanism, which continued at regular intervals from the early Tertiary period to the historical centuries, millions of cubic meters of volcanic material were ejected to the surface and volcanic crust grew over 1000 meters thick, especially in Eastern Anatolia. One of the reasons for the high altitude of Eastern Anatolia is the thick volcanic cover. The volcanic mountains formed during this period are the highest mountains in Turkey. On the Erciyes and Nemrut volcanoes, volcanic activity took place, reaching historical times. However, there are no active volcanoes in Turkey today. Despite this, scientists argue that taking volcanoes for completely extinct is wrong and there is always a risk.

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volcanoes in turkey

volcano in turkey

Turkey has 15 volcanoes. They are found in the regions of the Aegean, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, the Mediterranean and Southeastern Anatolia. Here is a list of volcanoes in Turkey:

  • 3268 meters high Mount Hassan – Last activity: November 2021
  • 3584 meters high Mount Tendurek – Last activity: 1855
  • 5137 meters high Mount Ararat – Last activity: 1840
  • 2948 meters high Mount Nemrut (Bitlis) – Last activity: 1692
  • 3916 meters high Mount Erciyes – Last activity: 253 BC
  • 4158 meters high Mount Sufan – Last activity: Holocene period
  • 2323 meters high Girekol – Last activity: Holocene period
  • 2143 meters high Göllü mountain – Last activity: Holocene period
  • 750 meters high Kula Hills – Last activity: Holocene period
  • 1689 meters high Ajigol-Nevsehir – Last activity: Holocene period
  • 172 meters high Akyarlar – Last Activity: Unknown
  • 1957 meters high Mount Karadzha – Last Activity: Unknown
  • 2271 meters high Montenegro – Last Activity: Unknown
  • 3000 meters high Erzurum Kars Plateau – Last Activity: Unknown
  • 1302 meters high Karapinar Plain – Last Activity: Unknown

Does an earthquake cause a volcano?


Theoretically, there is always the possibility that earthquakes are caused by volcanoes. However, volcanoes can also cause earthquakes. However, this does not mean that there will necessarily be volcanic activity due to an earthquake. In other words, it is very difficult to say with certainty that volcanoes will be active after an earthquake in a region where earthquakes occur centered in Kahramanmaras, in Central Anatolia, or where there are active fragmentary faults.

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