England is one of the most important countries in history. This ancient civilization has been one of the leading actors in world politics for hundreds of years. The “Empire on which the sun never sets” continues to set the agenda in many areas, from popular culture to economics, from science to technology.
This small island country is followed with interest by millions of people with its long tradition and strong royal family. On the other hand, in today’s England there are still many interesting structures and even laws. Here are 14 amazing facts about the UK that you probably haven’t heard of yet…
1. England, part of the United Kingdom
Hundreds of years ago, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland came together to form a strong union, and on May 1, 1707, the United Kingdom was founded. The kingdom took its final form on 1 January 1801 with the addition of Ireland and Wales.
2. The 16th largest country in Europe by area.
England is one of over 6,000 islands in the British Isles. The area of the country is 130,395 square kilometers. In other words, England is the 16th largest country in Europe by land area. However, if the total area of the United Kingdom is taken into account, the kingdom is the 12th country with the largest piece of land in Europe.
3. Some interesting sports with a long history are very popular in England today.
The most notable of these is the “rolling of the cheese”. Moreover, this sport, in which people gather on a hill and roll cheese, is quite popular. Even tourists from all over the world go to England to take part or watch this sport. It is believed that this interesting sport appeared in the 15th century and is associated with pagan beliefs.
4. There are more than 1,500 castles in the country
However, among them there are completely intact, even habitable castles, and there are dilapidated ones. On the other hand, the country that has the most castles in the world is Wales, another member of the United Kingdom.
5. The national flag of England is called “St. George’s Cross”.
The official flag of England is a flag with a red cross on a white background. The blue-white-red cross flag, also known as the Union Jack and often confused with the official flag of England, is the flag of the United Kingdom.
6. Stonehenge, one of the most important historical buildings in England, is older than Machu Picchu.
7. The world’s largest library is located in England.
The British Library, built in 1973 in the capital of London, consists of 15 floors. The library contains over 160 million books, including manuscripts. In addition, the British Library holds over 4 million maps and over 260,000 journals. Finally, some of the works registered in the library inventory are over 3,000 years old.
8. There is a botanical garden in England where only deadly poisonous plants are grown!
In the garden called the Poison Garden, located on the grounds of Alnwick Castle, 100 different types of deadly plants grow.
9. Every place in the country is very close to the sea
Because England is a very small island country. In the country, the farthest place from the sea is the village of Coton in Derbyshire. However, the distance of this place from any coastline is only 112 kilometers.
10. Many witches live in England today.
Witchcraft was one of the most interesting and controversial concepts of the Middle Ages. However, England is also a country where witches live in our time! Members of a religion called Wicca, which originated in England in the early 20th century and gained considerable popularity, refer to themselves as witches.
11. Eels are one of the favorite delicacies of the British.
It may sound interesting, but it’s true! One of the most important reasons for this situation is that the River Thames in the capital London is home to a large number of eels.
12. Capital of England London II. The Nazis bombed it for 47 days during World War II.
13. The highest point in England, Scafell Pike, is only 978 meters high.
14. England and France are only 34 kilometers apart.
Although the two countries are not culturally close, they are very close physically.
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